Bayan Village

BAYAN is a village in the surrounding forest is located on the Northwest side of the island of Lombok, located at the foot of Mount Rinjani. The village is known as the native Sasak tribe has a loyalty to tradition in many ways, patterns and procedures reside. Architecture can be said to be very relevant and teaches how to appreciate a place and region.
The village has an area of 2600 hectares is one of the existing six villages in Bayan district, West Lombok district. Administratively, the village of Bayan in Bayan subdistrict, West Lombok NTB. This village area stretching from the foot of Mount Rinjani to the north shore. The location is one route to the mountain. In terms of topography, the parrots and the surrounding hamlets are scattered from the sea directly adjacent to the village which has a height of 700 m above sea level. Livelihoods in this region is largely farming. Agricultural products of rice, vegetables, coconuts, fruits and red onion and garlic into the mainstay. Habits of the people live very closely kaitanya with the principles set out in the customs. In a village has a variety of custom homes and areas that distinguishes between the general and specific. Kampu in the area (area allotment for stakeholders-adat) there are some traditional houses that are divided and named according to the function or the nature of the profession or maloka stakeholders. Areas in kampu is sacred territory, the customary law is not arbitrary one can go in this area, for that region is isolated by a bamboo fence around it. Pattern arrangement masses in general buildings in this village has a linear typology. Lengthwise and always in pairs, facing each other and back each other, the whole house is patterned facing west and east. This refers to the guidance and the prevailing customs. In the case of determining the location and setting the building mass, has an absolute requirement in its placement. For houses that occupy the most southern position where the front of the house facing west (Qiblah) becomes imperative for the occupied by the oldest brother, following the lineage, the opposite side of the house facing south east is occupied by the next brother. Traditionally this pattern symbolize the mass order of oldest brother who can protect, maintain and protect the other brothers. In the structure of mass system is always well marked by a Baruga (meeting place) at the points that have been determined, the middle position of the pattern of a linear arrangement. This position indicates the importance of the function itself Baruga. Baruga is a place for anyone accepting guests, they serve as a traditional ceremony. Baruga size not too big, small, but scattered in several places in a village. Baruga can accommodate approximately 15 people. Closing Baruga roof made of reeds and re (fibers) with a structure supported by six pillars (pillars pillars six). This pole building at the head of each tied with 3 blocks, called pillars enclose a block and two block walls called Aton to be bound by the pins (pen). Both types of blocks are supported bearing the burden of sky (the horses) which in the end there were horses senggoko (ridge beam). Structure of the lower pole of the time the land is cendi (base) stone. Custom houses (bale) in this village woven bamboo walls, dirt floors, reed roof, with the framework of mixed construction wood and bamboo. Inside the building there is a divided territory and was named inan bale (main house) and also consists of six pillars. Function inan bale itself as a place to store the values that nature can not be known by many people other than the house. Like property, other valuables and rice stored in the barrel (temberasan or kemeras), is also a place to store nenoq (offerings to the spirits of ancestors and the spirit of the inhabitants of the house), and given time to be a place of meditation families. In the area of the house there is also a place reserved for women when visiting, divan bleh. Overall, there is room in the house reflects a unified whole in the pattern room setup. And unique to each house there is a system didesa organizing the same room with each other. The division of general and specific areas in this village is a picture of the importance of appreciating the meaning and positive values are contained, to be guarded and respected, without exaggeration. Village community life and still hold fast to the customary rules that govern all forms of relationship between man and God, fellow human beings and other creatures (plants and animals) and the surrounding environment. And the other side really appreciate and uphold the value of the life of a village in the settled order.


  1. i see, you want me to practise my english ! :)

    1. haha... non, ely. je l'ai copié d'un site parce que je savais pas trop l'histoire de cet endroit :D

    2. J aime beaucoup la photo avec les enfants :)

    3. ils jouaient à la bataille ensemble avec ces cartons :D


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